What is a Biopsy Procedure?

A Biopsy test involves removing cells or tissues to check under a microscope. Doctors may recommend a biopsy if an initial test suggest that an area of tissue in the body is not functioning normally. It helps to determine the presence or extent of a disease. The subject tissue is generally examined under a microscope or can also be analyzed area of abnormal tissue is called a lesion, a tumor, or a mass. These are general words, used to feature the unknown nature of the tissue.

There are 3 main kinds of biopsies:

Biopsies are done in order to detect the suspicious area either during a physical examination or inside the body on an imaging test. Although it is carried out for cancer diagnosis; however, biopsies also help to identify many other conditions. In some cases, a biopsy of normal-appearing tissue may also be done to check for cancer spread or rejection of a transplanted organ.

In most cases, a biopsy is done to diagnose a problem or to help determine the best therapy option. This can be done through numerous different ways. Nearly all of them involve using a sharp tool to remove a small amount of tissue.

Here are some types of biopsies:

Once the test is done, the tissue is collected and preserved in a diagnostic histopathology setup. It is then provided to a pathologist at a pathology laboratory. Pathologists are doctors who specialize in diagnosing conditions based on tissue samples and other tests. A pathologist examines the specimen under a microscope and by carefully observing the tissue cell's type, shape, and internal activity (in most cases) a pathologist can diagnose the problem and disclose the results to the concerned doctor.

The time it takes to get results from a biopsy can vary. Sometimes, highly accurate conclusions on biopsies often take a week or longer but in an emergency case, a pathologist may read a biopsy and report back to a surgeon in a few minutes. This is done by a biopsy procedure called the frozen section. During the frozen section procedure, the physician removes a small portion of the tissue mass. The pathologist freezes the tissue in a cryostat machine, cuts the tissue with microtome, and then stains it with various dyes so that it can be examined under the microscope. As soon as the diagnosis is made, the results are communicated to the surgeon.

Biopsies are important to study the health issues people face during their lifetime, without a it, the doctors may not be able to diagnose or treat deadly diseases such as cancer, tumors, etc.

Understanding Chronic Leukemia

Leukemia is a disease of the blood and bone marrow that occurs on the background of genetic predispositions to cancer. Leukemia affects the cellular process of maturation, causing the accumulation of immature blood cells in the spinal marrow and bloodstream. In some cases leukemia causes the incomplete cells to multiply very quickly, while in other cases the abnormal blood cells have prolonged periods of life and persist in different places inside the body. Incomplete blood cells can?t substitute for normal blood cells, as they can?t carry out their roles. The cells affected by leukemia are therefore incompatible with the organism and can cause serious damage.

Judging by the speed of development and the persistence of the disorder, there are two types of leukemia: acute leukemia and chronic leukemia. Judging by the types of stem cells affected by the disorder, leukemia can either be lymphocytic or myelogenous.

Acute leukemia is different from chronic leukemia by the levels that stem cells are able to reach in their development (stem cells that present anomalies still manage to partially develop and either resemble immature cells or complete, normal white blood cells).

Acute leukemia is a form of cancer that develops very rapidly. It is manifested through overpopulation of the blood with immature cells that are unable to fulfill the functions of normal blood cells. In the case of acute leukemia, the marrow is unable to produce normal quantities of red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets. Patients who suffer from leukemia also develop anemia, a deficiency of normal red blood cells. Also, a decreased number of white blood cells reduces the body?s ability of overcoming infections, while the lack of platelets facilitates inflammation and bleeding.

Chronic leukemia tends to develop slower than acute leukemia. In the case of chronic leukemia, the body is able to produce blood cells that are more mature than those produced in acute leukemia. Although these cells may appear incomplete, they can?t fulfill their roles inside the organism and tend to cluster at different levels of the body. They also have a longer period of life.

Chronic leukemia of lymphocytic form is known to affect a type of blood cell called B lymphocyte. The disease weakens the immune system, interferes in the normal activity of the spinal marrow and facilitates the access of harmful cells to body organs. Chronic lymphocytic leukemia first occurs at the levels of the bone marrow, but can quickly spread to different organs and tissue through the bloodstream.

The presence of chronic lymphocytic leukemia is usually revealed by blood tests and careful body examination. Although apparently some people may have no symptoms of the disease, other patients may experience fatigue, lack of concentration, poor balance, memory loss, deterioration of vision and hearing, vertigos, body weakness, joint and bone pains. Just like in other forms of the disease, chronic leukemia requires immediate specific treatment and therapy. The chances of fully overcoming the disease are considerably enhanced if it is discovered quickly.

Avemar Acknowledged By Memorial Sloan-kettering Cancer Center

The Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center in New York has published an article on Avemar on their website with sections for consumers and health care professionals.

Brand name Avemar is also known as fermented wheat germ extract (WGE), and code name MSC.

Bottom Line: Fermented wheat germ extract has been shown to improve quality of life in some cancer patients.

Avemar fermented wheat germ extract was developed by Mate Hidvegi, a Hungarian chemist, in the 1990s. Av? should not be confused with wheat germ oil. Avemar is used as a dietary supplement by cancer patients in Hungary to improve quality of life.

The Sloan-Kettering Cancer reports that Avemar is used as a dietary supplement by cancer patients in Hungary to improve quality of life. Laboratory studies show that Ave may have anticancer properties. Results from some clinical trials suggest Avemar improves quality of life in some cancer patients.

Memorial Sloan-Kettering continues their article to describe Avemar research, uses, mechanism of action, warnings, contraindications, adverse interactions, drug interactions, literature summary and critique.

Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center is located at: 1275 York Avenue. New York, New York. 10021. (212) 639-2000

Manifestation Of Bowel Cancer

Bowel cancer is the mainly a very critical disease. These types of disease occur in intestine. It can be in lower intestine or can be in the upper intestine. The bowel cancer is an asymptomatic disease but by regular checkups it can be identified. The manifestations of bowel cancer shows as the symptoms are thin stool, stomach pain or crumply, red bloods on the poop etc. In the term of medical, it can be said that the bowel cancer shows maximum symptoms of the colorectal cancer. The main symptoms of this cancer are, found in the blood in the toilet paper, abdominal pains, which vigorously tremendous crimpy and often changes the bowel habits. The respiratory problem also found in the cancer attacked persons.

The problem in the bowel system is very much embarrassing that anyone can step back. Actually many attacked person can't decide what to do. They feel themselves in horns of dilemma to take an advice from the doctor. But doctors always assure that the early diagnosis of these types of disease can be cure able by modern medical technology. The colorectal cancer causes due the lack of bloods which is known as anemia in the victim's body. This is the first symptom of the victims who are asymptomatic from this disease. Especially this disease occur the form of small colon tumors or tumors in the abdominal part of the body or in thin intestine.

There are also many types of symptoms can be found in the victim's body, those are newly developed diarrhea, constipation, rectal pressure, or a change in stool caliber etc. These symptoms may resemble those of other bowel disorders such as diverticular disease, irritable bowel disease, or inflammatory bowel disease. More advanced colorectal cancer also possess unexpected weight loss. The aproximal colon cancer defines tumors in left side of the body and causes obstructive symptoms earlier in the disease. The stool in the distal colon becomes solid. It creates uneasy to pass easily through a narrowed lumen, and right sided tumors can grow into advanced disease and remain asymptomatic.

In a majority of the cases it's found that the age of the bowel cancer victim is above 45 years. It causes mainly to the alcoholic drunker, smoker. There are also many causes those are inflammation and obesity. Routine screening should begin at age 45. Although there are published screening guidelines, colonoscpoies are usually performed in clinical practice in place of sigmoidoscopy. But sigmoidoscopy may mistake up to 50% of accuracy. The primary major primary step is to accomplish the process of sigmoidoscopy and then opt for the next one. After getting any positive result should be followed by a colonoscopy. Physical examination is usually followed in early colorectal cancer. In advanced colorectal or bowel cancer shows of bowel obstruction, hepatomegaly, or ascites.

Mesothelioma: What Is It And Why Is It Becoming So So Well Known?

Mesothelioma cancer occurs more commonly in men than in women, the ratio being 3:1. Studies have confirmed the association of mesothelioma cancer with exposure to asbestos. Nearly 60-80% of patients diagnosed with mesothelioma cancer report a history of exposure to asbestos.

About 2500 to 4000 new cases of mesothelioma cancer are diagnosed every year in the U.S. alone with the international statistics being 0.9 per 100,000 persons. Exposure to asbestos through mining, milling, manufacturing, shipyard work, building construction works, insulation, brake linings, roofing materials and other asbestos related products (paints, pipes, textiles, gaskets, etc.) increase the risk of developing mesothelioma cancer.

The treatment options for a mesothelioma cancer include surgery, chemotherapy, radiation or a multimodality treatment. Without any treatment, mesothelioma cancer can be fatal within 4-8 months and most die within 18 months of diagnosis since it is fast growing and is at an advanced stage by the time it is diagnosed.

Why are we hearing so much about mesothelioma cancer in recent years? Because mesothelioma has a latency of up to thirty or forty years. This means that those who were exposed to asbestos may not experience any of the symptoms for a 30-40 year period.

What To Know About Leukemia

If one discovers that he is ill from leukemia it is only normal and natural of him to try and get answers to some pretty many questions that are going to appear. Still to much information gathered and not knowing how to put it all together can lead and most often will lid to information overload. From some time now special care centers have appeared and should be looked after. The Cancer Treatment Centers of America will most certainly help you in your quest for answers and treating the disease. They can help a lot of persons to develop programs and treatments unique to their needs and requirements so that a good outcome is reached. So if ever in need don?t feel bad about asking? your questions will be answered.

The most common forms of leukemia has been shown to be chronic lymphocytic leukemia; it is also known as cancer of the blood. The problems in this forms first begin in the immune or white blood cells in the blood. The problem originates in the blood marrow extending afterwards in the blood and thus in the whole body. Letting it untreated can cause serious problems for the patient. This kind of leukemia is almost over found in people older than 45 years old. It is not known why.

Very few environmental risk factors are known to be related with leukemia, and even in those cases it is not a certain thing. Links with causes of the disease have been found in agriculture; herbicides and pesticides have been found to be the problem in the CLL. The best example for this is the Agent Orange, a herbicide that is known to have been used intensively during the Vietnam war. Because of this the development of chronic lymphocytic was quite spread. Heredity has also been found to be a problem if any first degree relatives have or have had the disease. With the level of pollution we as people are currently living in, risks are going sky hi.

The ways the symptoms show up in chronic leukemia are very different from the way they do in acute leukemia. Here they tend to show up very late and are very mild in action. It is a very often case actually that the disease is discovered accidentally by doctors when certain thorough blood tests are done. The symptoms here have the tendency to have a graduate development progressing quite slow in time, while the normal stem cells of the bone marrow are replaced by bad diseased cancer cells. The latest stages of chronic leukemia will most certainly include a wide array of symptoms. Patients will have the tendency to tire more easily, feeling always weak and suffering from fatigue. Exercises are not going to be easy to do because they will tire extremely fast. Because of the loss of appetite body weight will most certainly fluctuate.

Some Facts About Breast Cancer

When you go to the doctor the last thing that you want to consider is that you or superstar that you dearly fondness has just been diagnosed with breast bane. Until it happens to you or somebody you adore, it seems that such a disease as breast growth only happens to other people, not within your own life. All of a swift you try to recollect all the clothes you have heard with the increase of awareness for breast canker in the media. After the shock wears off questions about care options and survival toll create to drone in your control. Luckily with all the advancements in breast disease there are extremely a few remedy options to elect from depending on the severity of the rationale. Also, because of all the thought that breast canker awareness has usual in latest existence, there are many chairs to find the information that you are seeking whether you are the one that has been diagnosed or if it is superstar you worship, there are many publications that will answer many of the questions that you might have.

No longer do those diagnosed with breast tumor have to feel like they are all alone in the world and they don't have to sit quietly and endure so that others won't sign that there is something unethical. Due to all the people who have brought awareness to breast melanoma it is no longer something that is kept calm within the family. Women have options now and can want what brand of cure is best for them and their family. Because of all the information existing there is no longer lasting logic of being aimless, families are facing the disease and many women are beating the chances of breast scourge every day. With the click of a mouse you can instantly have access to hordes of information on the different types of breast canker. Once you find luggage that are like to yours you can educate yourself with information found on the internet or that provided by your doctor.

It doesn't question if you are the one suffering or if you are the family affiliate or ally of the qualities diagnosed; this affected everyone disease in one facet or another. No longer are you strained to sit casually by while you inspect the person you affection pact with this disease. Researching breast sarcoma gives you information you neediness to help comfort those or help them find the right medicine options. By liability explore you can also help yourself split with the emotional facet of ration someone else covenant with this disease. There are so the different income such as help position, online communities, and prop groups that can help you and your loved ones compact with the hardships that accompany being diagnosed and living with breast cancer. People who are experiencing the same difficulties as you are waiting to part their experiences to help you through your trial.

Get Best Advice From Medical Professionals For Cancer Treatment

World's large number of populations is affected from different ailments, but cancer is one of the most dreadful diseases which have increased in recent years. Deaths from this disease have suddenly increased in USA and worldwide. Health care clinics are providing best and modern facilities for the treatment. Lung cancer is a killer disease which has affected numerous people across the world. This life threatening disease is mostly occurs due to exposure to tobacco smoking and passive smoking. The chance of this disease increases with number of tobacco cigarette used in a day. A proper cure and prevention may inspire patients to lead a vigorous and happy life.

Causes, symptoms and diagnosis of lung cancer

Medical science says that tobacco smoking is the main cause of abnormal growth of tissues. Main symptoms occur like problem in breathing, chest pain, coughing, blood in cough, paralysis of vocal cord, wheezing and shoulder pain (if it has affected other body parts). The cancerous cells may invade the neighboring tissues for blood, nutrients and may spread to other parts of the body (in advanced stage) like liver, spine, bone and brain .Lung's malignant cells have been identified with two types, one is Small Cells Lung Cancer (SCLS) and another is Non-Small Cells Lung Cancer (NSCLC). This classification has been done according to microscopic appearance of lung tumor. The diagnosis is generally carried out by x-ray or chest radiography, Biopsy and CT scan at primary stage. It can spread to brain and show neurological symptoms.

Lung Cancer Treatment

Medical science has evolved with a number of cure and healing process for Lung Cancer Treatment which involves many surgical methods, Radiotherapy and Chemotherapy or combination of all these methods. The treatment depends on the type, grade, stage, and location of or Metastasis. Radiation therapy is implemented by external ray or beam on increased tumor to stop the growth of peculiar tissues where as chemotherapy involves the proper medication practice to treat malignant tumor. A patient affected from this melanoma can take proper advice from oncologist or medical professionals to get all mental and physical support. Other therapies may also be applied to cure lung cancer, for instance, Photo dynamic Therapy, Radio frequency Ablation Procedure and Prophylactic Brain Radiation. Physicians or medical practitioners may advice for best healing recommendation to alleviate this ailment. They may check general health condition of a patient and the location of metastasis or tumor.

Need best clinics for cancer treatment

A patient suffering from lung cancer needs a helping hand of his /her family and best care of doctors. Many hospitals have been established throughout the world to cure this illness in the best possible way. They use modern medical equipments, tool & technology. The dedicated team of nurses, doctors, physicians, and oncologists examine the body thoroughly and give best health advice for Lung Cancer Treatment and show a ray of hope to the patient to lead a normal life.

Conclusion

Medical science and world's best hospitals across the world are still involved in research and development work to give best health care practices for Cancer treatment . Patients are provided best medical facilities and the helping hands of oncologists and medical professionals to overcome with death fear from cancer, and also inspire them to see positive approach of life. For best cure and prevention, patients must be diagnosed at early stage and treatment should be started under guidance of experienced doctors.

Breast Cancer; Its Causes

Breast cancer is a malignant tumor developed from cells of the breast, and it is one of the most common cancers affecting females, at time has not been established what is the exact cause of this one, but last researches clearly pointing that there are several risks factors;
These are the most probably breast cancer risk factors;

  • Last researches have established that in the age group above 50 years there is a high incidence; on the other hand, in the age group below 25 years the incidence is very low. It is very important to say that this disease is very aggressive in patient 25-50 years old.
  • Menstrual cycle is other factor that should be considered; common in the ladies who have a longer menstrual life, i.e. the onset of menarche is earlier and cessation of menstruation is late.
  • The women that smoke and drink alcohol increase the risk of developing breast cancer.
  • Breast cancer is developed more frequently in spinsters and married woman that have not given birth to children, or if given birth then have not breast fed their offspring.
  • The women that have had a breast cancer on one side have greater risk to develop cancer on the opposite side, and if there are antecedents of breast cancer in their families (mother, sisters and daughters), there are greatest risks too.
  • Breast cancer is linked with obesity and higher intake of saturated fatty acids
  • Breast cancer is linked too, with the continuous or sequential uses of combined oestrogen plus progestin hormone therapy (CHT)
  • Women that have been using oral anti contraceptives for more than ten years are more vulnerable to the development of this disease.

On the other hand, women doing 4-5 hours of exercises per week reduce their risk of developing breast cancer.

In short, these facts derive from the statistical analysis; they should not be taken as causative or predisposing factors.

Screening Procedure For Colon Cancer

Another helpful technique in diagnosing colon cancer is the stool-guaiac test or occult stool blood test which helps the doctor detect blood in your stool that is invisible to the naked eye. You should have one annually after the age of 50.

The results of this test will determine whether you need other screening procedures for colon cancer such as proctosigmoidoscopy and colonoscopy. What are these tongue-twisters?

In the former, the doctor uses a flexible, lighted tube called a proctosigmoidoscope to examine the lower portion of the colon and rectum - the area where cancers are usually found. This should be done initially at the age of 45 and every other year thereafter depending on your condition. For those with a family history of the disease, more frequent tests are required.

"Almost 50 percent of all colorectal cancer or polyps can be seen during such an examination. In addition, diagnosis of other diseases such as Crohn's or ulcerative colitis can be made with this instrument. Samples of tissue can be taken through the instrument for later examination under a microscope (biopsy)," said Dr. David E. Larson, editor-in-chief of the ?Mayo Clinic Family Health Book.?

Colonoscopy, on the other hand, examines the entire colon using a somewhat similar instrument called a fiberoptic endoscope. This gives a clear view of the lining of the colon from the anus to the cecum (the beginning of the large bowel located in the right lower portion of the abdomen).

The endoscope also permits the physician to remove polyps and to search for a cause of chronic or acute bleeding when other tests have failed to do so.

In about half of cases, surgery can cure colon cancer. How extensive this will be depends on the location and size of the cancerous growth. The surgeon may remove the tumor and rejoin healthy pieces of the rectum so the patient can function normally. Or he may remove the entire rectum and create an artificial opening called a stoma on the abdominal wall for stool to pass out. This happens in about 20 percent of cases.

Additional treatment in the form of chemotherapy and radiation may follow. For cancer that has spread to the lungs, little can be done.

"In summary, remember, the key to the cure of colon cancer is early detection and immediate removal of the polyp or tumor. Follow-up chemotherapy and immunotherapy, even if malignancy appears to have been totally cut out, have also been shown to be effective," concluded Dr. Isadore Rosenfeld of the New York Hospital - Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center in ?The Best Treatment.?

To strengthen your body, take Immunitril ? your first line of defense in maintaining a healthy immune system.